Career In Astronomy: Admission, Courses, Scope, Salary 2020


Career In Astronomy

You have a fascination with space and astronomy and you believe you'd like to be an astronomer. This might seem like a basic question, but it is a good place to begin. Simply because you have got an interest in astronomy does not necessarily mean that becoming a pro astronomer is right for you. An astronomer is a researcher who spends a lot of time observing and analyzing several other objects in addition to the behavior of planets, stars, and galaxies. To become an astronomer, a person must make a doctorate and have a depth understanding of computer science, mathematics, and physics. 

career in astronomy
career in astronomy

When you receive instruction and satisfy with these difficult criteria, toward becoming an astronomer, your journey is half over. The competition for jobs in the arena of astronomy is very fierce. Try to learn just as much as you could about the field of astronomy. The library is a superb place to find all kinds of info on the subject of astronomy. Something else you should do is figure out whether there's an astronomy club in the area. The meeting is a good way to learn things which you cannot learn from a book. If there's an observatory near you pay a visit to them. 

Observatories are another way to present yourself. You can even be capable to speak with a pro astronomer at an observatory. There is no better way to explore a career field by talking than. Try as possible to take as many math and science classes while you're in school. You need to complete physics, chemistry, and pre-calculus. Once you're accepted to a college, you ought to pick astronomy or physics as your important and attempt to take at least a 3.0 GPA. A B average is the minimum Grade point average approved by many graduate astronomy programs, so you will need to get the highest marks you possibly can while you are an undergraduate. 

Another area to make sure you are extremely proficient in is writing. As an astronomer, you will write several articles related to astronomy and space. If you would like them to become published in respected publications, the quality of the writing has to be top-notch. You will find out about the Big Bang Theory and find out about the history of Astronomy. You may also look at some Hubble Telescope images if you wish to.

Are you interested in the study of stars, moons, planets, and comets?

astronomy study
study for astronomer

If yes, then a career in astronomy is the right choice for you.
Astronomy includes the study of planets, moon, sun, stars, comets, space, galaxies, Exoplanets, supernovae,  and other non-Earthly bodies.

Astronomy: The branch of physics which deals with study of celestial bodies like moon, planets, stars, sun, and galaxies. And it refers to the study of objects which are outside the earth’s atmosphere and also about their physical and chemical properties”.

What do Astronomers do

Astronomers are the observers who discover information about “how the universe works” from the planets in our solar system. It includes a study of the evolution of stars.

Astronomer implements the principles of Mathematics and Physics to carry out research about the Universe. They make the use of telescopes and computer programs for gathering data on the characteristics of planets, moons, stars, and other objects.

What is the best thing about astronomer 

They discover things that nobody have seen ever. They utilize most of the time in research activities. The main work of Astronomer consists of traveling, reading, observing, teaching, writing reports, and working in offices. 

How to become an Astronomer

To become an Astronomer, a Ph.D. degree is compulsory.
You have to complete your 10+2 examination with the science stream, must include Mathematics & Physics.
You can join a U.G. course in Astronomy. You can also join a major/honors in Physics with Math as a secondary subject. 
Thereafter, you can join a postgraduate degree in Physics or Astronomy.
After completing a master's degree, you can do a specialization in astronomy leading to Ph. D 

Courses & Duration

Students having an interest in Physics and Mathematics can opt for their careers in the field of astronomy.
Have you completed your 12th?
If yes, then you can obtain a bachelor’s degree in science subjects to continue your career in astronomy.
There are some Astronomy courses are available at various levels below:

Bachelor’s Courses:

B.Sc in Astrophysics – 3-year full-time course
B.Sc in Astronomy – 3-year full-time course
B.Tech in relevant Engineering

Master’s Courses:

M.Sc Astronomy
M.Tech (Astronomy and Space Engineering)

Doctoral Courses:

PhD. in Astronomy
PhD. in Astronomy and Astrophysics
PhD. in Astrophysics
PhD. in Atmospheric Science and Astrophysics

Integrated Courses:

Integrated M.Sc – Ph.D. Programme in Physics and Astrophysics
Integrated M.Tech – Ph.D. (Tech.) program in Astronomical Instrumentation

There are scopes to make your career in astronomy after a bachelor’s of engineering degree course in Electronics and Communication Engineering(ECI) or Electrical Engineering, in which use of electrical components like semiconductor devices, transistors, diodes, integrated circuits.

To do astronomer work, requires a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) astronomy, physics, or a similar field which is necessary for faculty and researcher positions.
Skills Required in an Astronomer
Solid knowledge in Physics and Mathematics.
Must know about computer programs and software.
Good observation skills are required.
Should have the capacity of solving complex problems and conducting research work.
The ability to work with a team is required.

Admission Process

To get admission in the undergraduate astronomy courses, various Universities/colleges conduct their entrance test. one such entrance test is called IISC 2020 (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) that provides admission to undergraduate courses offered by IISc.

To take admission to Ph.D. courses, you have to clear the GATE 2020/ UGC NET 2020 examination. You can also appear the JEST 2020 (Joint Entrance Screening Test) for admission into the Ph.D. course. After the completion of a master’s degree, you can apply for this test.

Top colleges offering courses for Astronomy/Astrophysics are below:

1. (IIST) Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, which is in Thiruvananthapuram
2. (IIAP) The Indian Institute of Astrophysics, which is in Bangalore
3. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
4. Osmania University, Hyderabad
5. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Jobs & Career

Astronomy subject is an amazing & promising career for students, who are interested in the mysteries of the universe.

Astronomy career is broadly divided i.e. Theoretical or Observational.

The theoretical research career mainly involves doing(B.Tec.) Bachelor's in Engineering or Technology or Masters in Physics with some basic knowledge of Mathematics & Physics. You can join Universities or Institutions for a Ph.D. program & obtain a permanent job.

Observation Research Career wider because the students having an engineering degree or have knowledge of computer & electronics are motivated to apply for the graduation & allows doing M.Sc by research before Ph.D.

Various job opportunities exist in public and private organizations like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), NASA, Technology Information, Forecasting, and Assessment Council (TIFAC), etc.

As a brilliant astronomer, you may be offered by space research centers like ISRO, NASA, etc.

Interested people can also join the teaching profession after the accomplishment of pre-requisite qualifications.

Firstly as a beginner, you can also work as a fellow researcher with the team who already working on an Astronomy project.

You can get internships from different centers in India. do astronomy such as IUCAA, NCRA, ARIES,  etc.

An engineer with a BE or B.Tech degree can also enter this field as a research scholar.

After your degree in Astronomy, you can even work as a research scientist with many research Institutions & big government organizations like the (ISRO) Indian Space Research Organization.

You can also work as a researcher in the leading observatories and Institutions in the USA.
Job Areas
Job Profile
Research Scientist

What will my salary be?

The Salary in the astronomy field depends upon your profession. If you choose your career in teaching the salary is different from the working person.

Starting salary of an astronomer ranges from Rs 50,000/- per month. Experienced and highly qualified will earn an annual Rs. 8 lacs to Rs 10 lacs.

Books & Study Materials

Do refer these books for the preparation of astronomy:

A Companion to Astronomy and Astrophysics – Kenneth R.Lang
Celestial Mechanics: The Waltz of the Planets – Alessandra Celletti, K.J. Donne
Astronomy Today – Chaisson, Ettore Perozzi Fundamental Astronomy – H.Karttunen P.Kroger, H.Oja M.Poutanen, McMillan
Astronomy – A Beginner’s Guide to the Universe – Chaisson